Mining Code

Up to 15 per cent of the Philippine population - about ten million people - belong to distinct indigenous communities and retain a close link with their traditions. They avoided Hispanisation during Spain's 350-year colonisation of the Philippines. In 1987, after the fall of the Marcos regime, a revised Philippine Constitution recognised the ancestral land rights of indigenous people, and ten years later, in 1997, those rights finally became law in the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act.

The Indigenous Peoples' Rights Act (IPRA) is modelled on the provisions of the UN Draft Declaration on Indigenous Peoples' Rights. In theory IPRA is one of the most enlightened laws dealing with Indigenous Peoples, recognising the free prior and informed consent (FPIC) of Indigenous Peoples, and asserting that in the absence of such a clear level of consent, a project cannot proceed. In practice however, this is regularly undermined, not least by legislation such as the 1995 Mining Code, which in many cases gives mining claims to the same Indigenous land supposedly covered by IPRA. Indigenous Peoples communities and organisations, and their supporters, have been vocal in fighting for their legal rights for many years, and the struggle continues.

The Destructive Impacts of Corporate Mining in the Philippines: The Tampacan Copper-Gold Mining Project in Mindanao

Source: 
By Dr. Belinda F. Espiritu, Global Research - http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-destructive-impacts-of-corporate-mining-in-the-philippines-the-tampacan-copper-gold-mining-project-in-mindanao/5436594
Date of publication: 
14 March, 2015

The Philippines has an estimated $840 billion worth of untapped mineral resources, according to the Mines and Geosciences Bureau of the Philippines which is responsible for giving permits to mining companies to do exploration of mining areas and to commence operation. Small-scale mining industries have contributed to national revenues.

A big problem ensued with the signing of the Philippine Mining Act of 1995 authored by then Senator Gloria Macapagal Arroyo which allowed 100% ownership of the claimed mining land area and minerals by foreign multinational mining corporations.

Environmental groups picket OceanaGold office as hazardous tunneling commences in its Didipio mines

Source: 
Kalikasan PNE press release
Date of publication: 
4 March, 2015

Provincial and national environmental groups held a picket protest at the national office of Australian large-scale mining corporation OceanaGold today, as tunneling activities for its underground mining commenced today amidst widespread opposition from local communities.

“OceanaGold’s demonstrates once again its penchant to brazenly bulldoze over the mounting opposition of communities in commencing its expansion towards underground mining.

Mining Act anniversary: ‘Scrap the Mining Act, PNoy resign!’

Source: 
Kalikasan PNE Press Release
Date of publication: 
3 March, 2015

For 20 years of continuing pollution and plunder, indigenous peoples, environmental advocates demand: ‘Scrap the Mining Act, PNoy resign!’

On the 20th year anniversary of the Mining Act of 1995, hundreds of indigenous peoples, environmental advocates and grassroots activists marched to Malacanang today bearing torches, makeshift spears, and a 10-foot effigy depicting President Noynoy Aquino as a backhoe-bulldozer monster.

‘Inutile Mining Act must be scrapped’

Source: 
Center for Environmental Concerns – Philppines press release
Date of publication: 
26 February, 2015

Green NGO calls on gov’t to enact pro-people, patriotic People’s Mining Bill

Center for Environmental Concerns – Philppines (CEC) joined the call of various green and indigenous peoples groups and called on the government to junk the “inutile” Philippine Mining Act of 1995 and pass the alternative mining policy People’s Mining Bill into law, in a forum today at UP Diliman Balay Kalinaw.

“After 20 years of PMA, 10 years of mining revitalization, what has the Philippines gained? How much of our foreign debt have mining revenues paid?

20,000 signatures to scrap the Mining Act of 1995 sought

Source: 
Kalipunan ng mga Katutubong Mamamayan ng Pilipinas (KAMP) News Release
Date of publication: 
20 February, 2015

Scrap the Mining Act Network led by Kalipunan ng mga Katutubong Mamamayan ng Pilipinas (KAMP) is gathering 20,000 signatures to sign the petition for the repeal of Republic Act 8371 or the Philippine Mining Act of 1995.

In a forum held Friday in St.

Mining sector opposes 8 'mining-free' zones

Source: 
Pia Ranada - http://www.rappler.com/nation/84203-mining-free-zones-philippines
Date of publication: 
17 February, 2015

The Chamber of Mines says proposals to declare mining-free zones could limit the country’s potential for economic growth

MANILA, Philippines – Representatives from the mining sector expressed their reservations about the plan to declare 8 provinces as mining-free zones during a Senate hearing on Tuesday, February 17.

The hearing looked into 8 bills filed separately by 8 congressmen to declare their provinces and one district as off-limits to mining.

These areas are:

Cagayan de Oro City Catanduanes Nueva Vizcaya Eastern Samar Nueva Ecija Biliran

MGB 12 proposes mineral reservation project in Sarangani towns

Source: 
http://news.pia.gov.ph/article/view/1611418100542/mgb-12-proposes-mineral-reservation-project-in-sarangani-towns
Date of publication: 
9 December, 2014

KORONADAL CITY, South Cotabato, Dec. 9 (PIA) — The Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) 12 is pushing a mineral reservation project in the municipalities of Kiamba and Maitum in Sarangani.

Just recently, Engr. Hernani G. Abdon, OIC chief of the Mine Management Division (MMD) of MGB 12, presented the project proposal to members of the Sangguniang Bayan of both municipalities in separate occasions.

In these meetings, Engr.

Philippines: It’s mining profit vs. indigenous peoples in Mindanao

Source: 
KAMP statement, via http://iva.aippnet.org/philippines-news-release-its-mining-profit-vs-indigenous-peoples-in-mindanao/
Date of publication: 
25 November, 2014

Makati—Outraged indigenous Lumad people led protest actions in business offices of mining corporations in Metro Manila on Tuesday, demanding the withdrawal of mining corporations in their ancestral lands.

Some 200 protesters trooped the offices of Apex Mining Corporation, Sagittarius Mines Inc., TVI Resource Development, and Nickel Asia Corp.

South Cotabato won’t review mining code

Source: 
Inquirer Mindanao - http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/652630/south-cotabato-wont-review-mining-code
Date of publication: 
25 November, 2014

KORONADAL CITY—South Cotabato has shut the door on a possible review of the 2010 provincial environment code that bans open-pit mining and other mining practices.

Governor Daisy Fuentes made the pronouncement on Saturday shortly after the Mines and Geosciences Bureau of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) endorsed for further review and evaluation a project feasibility study undertaken by Sagittarius Mines Inc.

Zambo. del Sur IP’s seek PNoy help for MPSA cancellation within Midsalip Ancestral Domain

Source: 
By Jong Cadion - http://pagadianfrontline.blogspot.co.uk/2014/04/zambo-del-sur-ips-seek-pnoy-help-for.html
Date of publication: 
26 April, 2014

PAGADIAN CITY, ZAMBO DEL SUR (April 27, 2014-MPF NEWS) – The Indigenous Peoples represented by the Council of Elders and Leaders belong to the Subanen Gataw Taasan Association, Inc.

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