Indigenous People's Rights Act (IPRA)
Up to 15 per cent of the Philippine population - about ten million people - belong to distinct indigenous communities and retain a close link with their traditions. They avoided Hispanisation during Spain's 350-year colonisation of the Philippines. In 1987, after the fall of the Marcos regime, a revised Philippine Constitution recognised the ancestral land rights of indigenous people, and ten years later, in 1997, those rights finally became law in the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act.
The Indigenous Peoples' Rights Act (IPRA) is modelled on the provisions of the UN Draft Declaration on Indigenous Peoples' Rights. In theory IPRA is one of the most enlightened laws dealing with Indigenous Peoples, recognising the free prior and informed consent (FPIC) of Indigenous Peoples, and asserting that in the absence of such a clear level of consent, a project cannot proceed. In practice however, this is regularly undermined, not least by legislation such as the 1995 Mining Code, which in many cases gives mining claims to the same Indigenous land supposedly covered by IPRA. Indigenous Peoples communities and organisations, and their supporters, have been vocal in fighting for their legal rights for many years, and the struggle continues.
“As the affected indigenous peoples community, the exercise of our right to self-determination through the free, prior and informed consent process has been systematically and insidiously curtailed.”
MANILA – Indigenous Cordilleran communities of Mankayan town, Benguet province have been crying foul over the signing of a Memorandum of Agreement that will pave the way for a new mineral agreement for the Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company (LCMCo), widely blamed by tribal folk for the environmental degradation caused by copper and gold mining in their area since 1936.
ILOILO CITY — The National Commission for Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) has given consent for the construction of the P11.2-billion Jalaur River Multi-Purpose Project Stage II in Calinog, Iloilo.
In an Aug. 11 meeting at the NCIP central office, the Board of Commissioners granted authority to the agency’s chairman, lawyer Leonor T.
MANILA – How are indigenous peoples in the Philippines doing?
No Recourse but Struggle for Self-Determination
Statement of Cordillera Peoples Alliance on the International Day of World’s Indigenous Peoples
9 August 2015
What is the most precious thing to man? Life! If life is threatened, what ought a man do? Fight! This he must do, otherwise he is dishonoured. That will be worse than death. If we do not fight and the dams push through, we die anyway. If we fight, we die honourably. Thus I exhort you all, kayaw (struggle)!
LAMUT, Ifugao – For more than an hour from the poblacion of this town, we traversed rugged and slippery roads, where a driver’s miscalculation could mean a fatal fall onto the ravines.
It was back-breaking travel for city-based journalist with friends from the National Union of Peoples Lawyers, but our consolation was the beauty of the landscape, the rolling hills, the floating clouds of various shapes, and rivers that surged in between mountains.
Finally we reached our destination – the rich agricultural village of Barangay Dulao, Lagawe of this province.
But juxtaposed again
CLARK FREEPORT — LEADERS of the different Aeta tribal groups in Clark have asserted that they are in control of their ancestral lands and not the Clark Development Corporation (CDC) or any other entities.
The Aeta leaders, belonging to the Mabalacat Aeta Tribal Association (Mata) issued the statement in reaction to the work stoppage order issued by the CDC against the proponents of a US$2 million sewerage and sanitary disposal facility in Mabalacat City.
The CDC has issued a cease and desist order against the L.C.
PAGADIAN CITY, Zamboanga del Sur — The Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB) and the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) jointly issued a Cease and Desist Order (CDO) against mining operations within the Indigenous Peoples (IP) ancestral domain areas in this province.
Timuay Langhap Rio Olimpio Lingating, head of the Subanen tribes, said Monday that covered by the CDO are the mining operations in Barangays Deborok and Lourdes in this city; Barangay Mati, Tigbao; and in Barangays Langapod and Noboran, Labangan.
Lingating’s group is known as the Pikumpungan Subanen Gataw Te
THE mayor of Mankayan town is convinced Lepanto Consolidated Mining Corporation (LCMC) still needs the consent of the community to keep its gold mines in the area open.
Lepanto needs a Free Prior Informed Consent because “that is the law,” Mayor Materno Luspian said.
Lepanto is seeking renewal of its Mineral Production Sharing Agreement (MPSA) for its Victoria mine in Benguet after it expired last March.
Local officials insist the company cannot apply for a renewal without an FPIC, which is required by the Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act (IPRA).
But Lepanto said it is not covere
Cagayan de Oro – Leaders of B’laan from Bong Mal in Tampakan, South Cotabato submitted today a position paper to the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) en banc against their regional counterparts’ activities to facilitate the free prior and informed consent (FPIC) required for the Tampakan Copper and Gold Project.
Five leaders went to CDO to request the en banc to immediately order the postponement of any FPIC-related activities in their area.
The Lumads have consistently expressed their support for the peace process in Mindanao; and have been equally consistent in articulating their position that a genuine and lasting peace can only be based on inclusiveness and justice.
In May 2014, Lumad leaders both from the core areas and the adjacent areas of the proposed Bangsamoro territory came to Manila to reach out to peace and human rights advocates, and the public in general, to articulate their side of the story on this peace process.