Indigenous People's Rights Act (IPRA)
Up to 15 per cent of the Philippine population - about ten million people - belong to distinct indigenous communities and retain a close link with their traditions. They avoided Hispanisation during Spain's 350-year colonisation of the Philippines. In 1987, after the fall of the Marcos regime, a revised Philippine Constitution recognised the ancestral land rights of indigenous people, and ten years later, in 1997, those rights finally became law in the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act.
The Indigenous Peoples' Rights Act (IPRA) is modelled on the provisions of the UN Draft Declaration on Indigenous Peoples' Rights. In theory IPRA is one of the most enlightened laws dealing with Indigenous Peoples, recognising the free prior and informed consent (FPIC) of Indigenous Peoples, and asserting that in the absence of such a clear level of consent, a project cannot proceed. In practice however, this is regularly undermined, not least by legislation such as the 1995 Mining Code, which in many cases gives mining claims to the same Indigenous land supposedly covered by IPRA. Indigenous Peoples communities and organisations, and their supporters, have been vocal in fighting for their legal rights for many years, and the struggle continues.
Anti-mining activists, environmental advocates and indigenous peoples from Mindanao held protest actions in front of the Makati offices of mining corporations responsible for environmental destruction and rampant human rights violations in the country’s southern region, namely the Filipino-Malaysia-owned Apex Mining, Canada-owned Toronto Venutres Inc (TVI), and Swiss-owned Glencore.
“This is a warning to these companies: get out now. The people of Mindanao are raging and our resistance grows stronger every day.
Residents of Tinoc, Ifugao who withdrew their consent for the construction of a mini-hydro power plant at Barangay Eheb are prepared to seek court intervention if the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples will not issue an order directing the contractor to stop from proceeding with its project.
Lawyer Maria Lulu Reyes, a trustee of Igorota Foundation Inc., said under the law, if the free, prior and informed consent process was issued without properly informing the community of the pros and cons of a project, there is basis to rescind their memorandum of agreement.
“This is not ju
A tribesman leads his village in resisting a development project that promises progress but threatens his tribe.
“Mr President, your idea of progress is not our idea of progress”, admonishes tribal man Vic to President Aquino of the Philippines.
Vic is one of 120 people from Casiguran, north of the Philippines, marching across the country to protest a controversial land development created by a powerful political dynasty.
The development promises to bring economic progress with resorts, an airport and factories. Construction has begun, destroying ricelands and displacing fisherfolk.
“Instead of protecting the indigenous peoples, the NCIP served as a bridge for the entry of destructive projects.”
BAGUIO CITY — Cordillera indigenous peoples called for the abolition of the National Commission of Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) saying that the agency betrayed their interests.
In a protest action in front of the NCIP regional office, Oct.
They say existing laws on conservation do not address new concerns on preserving ecologically-important sites that are also sacred to the IPs
MANILA, Philippines – Philippine indigenous peoples want a bill that will strengthen their rights to conserve and protect natural resources inside their ancestral domains.
On the second day of the National Conference on Indigenous Communities Conserved Areas on Wednesday, October 22, tribal leaders applauded plans for such a bill to be sponsored by Ifugao representative Teddy Baguilat Jr.
“The bill will see to it that indigenous initiatives, i
International human rights groups have sounded alarm bells over a leaked draft of the World Bank’s proposed revision of its safeguard policies since it is seen to endanger local communities affected by the bank’s funded projects—specifically indigenous people’s communities.
The World Bank is currently revising its social and environmental safeguard policies.
LUCENA CITY—As the Catholic Church commemorated Indigenous Peoples’ Sunday, the Agta tribe called on the Filipino people to join their opposition against two dam projects—Kaliwa and Laiban—on Sierra Madre.
The dam projects would tap water from Agos River on Sierra Madre to supply Metro Manila with potable water.
President Aquino, in his State of the Nation Address in July, said the dam projects on Sierra Madre were among several public-private partnership programs he had approved for immediate implementation.
“With the deepening silence of Congress and Senate against the thr
LAMUT, IFUGAO – Can a Department of Energy-approved hydro-power contract be valid without the free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) of the affected indigenous communities?
This is one of the questions that representatives of the six villages of Lagawe and two villages of this town raised when they gathered in a forum that tackled the plan to build a hydro-electric power dam at Alimit River that traverses various towns of the province.
Recently, the DOE approved and signed the renewable energy service contract with SN Aboitiz Power Group (SNAP) for an integrated hydropower complex c
“Nasaor, saan mi naawatan ken naapura kami iti panagpirma mi iti MOA. (We were deceived, we did not understand and we were rushed in signing the MOA)” – Teofilo Wenhay, Barangay Captain of Eheb, Tinoc, Ifugao.
The Cordillera Peoples Alliance supports the decision of the indigenous peoples of Eheb and Tokucan in Tinoc, Ifugao in retracting their signatures in the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with Quadriver Energy Corporation. Quadriver intends to operate a hydro project that will affect the said communities. Quadriver Energy Corp.
“Why are they depriving people of their lands?” – Mayeth Corpuz, an Agta, secretary general of the Samahan ng mga Katutubo sa Sierra Madre (SKSM)
MANILA — At the People’s State of the Nation Address on July 28, about 100 indigenous peoples came down from their mountain villages in Luzon and joined protesters in Metro Manila to call for a change in government policies, and President Aquino’s ouster.
From the Igorots of the north to the Mangyans of southern Luzon, indigenous peoples decry the same development aggression, dispossession of their ancestral lands and militarizati