Indigenous People's Rights Act (IPRA)

Up to 15 per cent of the Philippine population - about ten million people - belong to distinct indigenous communities and retain a close link with their traditions. They avoided Hispanisation during Spain's 350-year colonisation of the Philippines. In 1987, after the fall of the Marcos regime, a revised Philippine Constitution recognised the ancestral land rights of indigenous people, and ten years later, in 1997, those rights finally became law in the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act.

The Indigenous Peoples' Rights Act (IPRA) is modelled on the provisions of the UN Draft Declaration on Indigenous Peoples' Rights. In theory IPRA is one of the most enlightened laws dealing with Indigenous Peoples, recognising the free prior and informed consent (FPIC) of Indigenous Peoples, and asserting that in the absence of such a clear level of consent, a project cannot proceed. In practice however, this is regularly undermined, not least by legislation such as the 1995 Mining Code, which in many cases gives mining claims to the same Indigenous land supposedly covered by IPRA. Indigenous Peoples communities and organisations, and their supporters, have been vocal in fighting for their legal rights for many years, and the struggle continues.

Zambo Sur tribe urges probe into illegal mining

Source: 
http://www.sunstar.com.ph/zamboanga/local-news/2015/03/31/zambo-sur-tribe-urges-probe-illegal-mining-400463
Date of publication: 
31 March, 2015

THE Subanen tribe is calling on the government to investigate a miner’s cooperative that has begun illegal operations in its ancestral land in Zamboanga del Sur.

The tribe, represented by the Pikumpongan Subanen Gataw Tebed Association Inc.

Tuba IPs give consent to four hydro plants

Source: 
By Dexter A. See - http://manilastandardtoday.com/2015/03/23/tuba-ips-give-consent-to-four-hydro-plants/
Date of publication: 
23 March, 2015

TUBA, Benguet – Indigenous peoples in this town gave their free and prior informed consent (FPIC) for the establishment of four mini-hydro power plants in two barangays.

The plants will maximize the potential of available water resources to produce additional renewable power for the Luzon grid.

The consent of the Tuba indigenous peoples to the renewable power projects was made official in a memorandum of agreement signed between their representatives and Goldlink Global Energy Corporation, a local hydro power developer based in the municipality.

Three of the mini-hydro power pla

Concern on Tampakan Mining Project

Source: 
SAC Marbel press release
Date of publication: 
9 March, 2015

This is to inform the public about the ongoing Free and Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) processes that will determine whether the mining project in Tampakan, South Cotabato will push through or not.

Lepanto seeks arbitration over Benguet mine

Source: 
By Daphne J. Magturo, Reporter - http://www.bworldonline.com/content.php?section=Corporate&title=lepanto-seeks-arbitration-over-benguet-mine&id=103282
Date of publication: 
24 February, 2015

LISTED Lepanto Consolidated Mining Co.

Mindanao folks troop to Makati to warn mining companies: ‘Get out of Mindanao now’

Source: 
Kalikasan PNE press release
Date of publication: 
25 November, 2014

Anti-mining activists, environmental advocates and indigenous peoples from Mindanao held protest actions in front of the Makati offices of mining corporations responsible for environmental destruction and rampant human rights violations in the country’s southern region, namely the Filipino-Malaysia-owned Apex Mining, Canada-owned Toronto Venutres Inc (TVI), and Swiss-owned Glencore.

“This is a warning to these companies: get out now. The people of Mindanao are raging and our resistance grows stronger every day.

Tinoc IPs ready to go to court to stop mini–hydro project

Source: 
by Rimaliza A. Opiña - http://baguiomidlandcourier.com.ph/ifugao.asp?mode=%20archives/2014/november/11-23-2014/ifug1.txt
Date of publication: 
23 November, 2014

Residents of Tinoc, Ifugao who withdrew their consent for the construction of a mini-hydro power plant at Barangay Eheb are prepared to seek court intervention if the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples will not issue an order directing the contractor to stop from proceeding with its project.

Lawyer Maria Lulu Reyes, a trustee of Igorota Foundation Inc., said under the law, if the free, prior and informed consent process was issued without properly informing the community of the pros and cons of a project, there is basis to rescind their memorandum of agreement.

“This is not just

The March to Progress in the Philippines

Source: 
By Ditsi Carolino, Al Jazeera - http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/viewfinder/2014/11/march-progress-philippines-2014112122317640995.html
Date of publication: 
4 November, 2014

A tribesman leads his village in resisting a development project that promises progress but threatens his tribe.

“Mr President, your idea of progress is not our idea of progress”, admonishes tribal man Vic to President Aquino of the Philippines.

Vic is one of 120 people from Casiguran, north of the Philippines, marching across the country to protest a controversial land development created by a powerful political dynasty.

The development promises to bring economic progress with resorts, an airport and factories. Construction has begun, destroying ricelands and displacing fisherfolk.

Cordillera folk call for NCIP abolition

Source: 
By KIMBERLIE NGABIT-QUITASOL, www.nordis.net - http://bulatlat.com/main/2014/10/28/indigenous-folk-call-for-ncip-abolition
Date of publication: 
28 October, 2014

“Instead of protecting the indigenous peoples, the NCIP served as a bridge for the entry of destructive projects.”

BAGUIO CITY — Cordillera indigenous peoples called for the abolition of the National Commission of Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) saying that the agency betrayed their interests.

In a protest action in front of the NCIP regional office, Oct.

Philippine ethnic groups want bill recognizing conservation rights

Source: 
Pia Ranada, http://www.rappler.com/science-nature/environment/72866-ph-indigenous-peoples-icca-bill-conservation-rights
Date of publication: 
23 October, 2014

They say existing laws on conservation do not address new concerns on preserving ecologically-important sites that are also sacred to the IPs

MANILA, Philippines – Philippine indigenous peoples want a bill that will strengthen their rights to conserve and protect natural resources inside their ancestral domains.

On the second day of the National Conference on Indigenous Communities Conserved Areas on Wednesday, October 22, tribal leaders applauded plans for such a bill to be sponsored by Ifugao representative Teddy Baguilat Jr.

“The bill will see to it that indigenous initiatives, i

Rights groups alarmed over WB revision of its social and environmental safeguard policies

Source: 
By Cong B. Corrales, THE PCIJ BLOG - http://pcij.org/blog/2014/10/18/rights-groups-alarmed-over-wb-revision
Date of publication: 
18 October, 2014

International human rights groups have sounded alarm bells over a leaked draft of the World Bank’s proposed revision of its safeguard policies since it is seen to endanger local communities affected by the bank’s funded projects—specifically indigenous people’s communities.

The World Bank is currently revising its social and environmental safeguard policies.

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